James’ Brand New Blog

Homage to 20 Cents (Thanks to Robin Cary Askew)

- April 29th, 2013

20 Cents Guy Lombardo cover

An issue of 20 Cents Magazine, with Guy Lombardo on the cover. London’s Lomardo luv will never die, etc. Taken with trusty BlackBerry.

One of London’s true originals & a member of the A&E scene then & now, Robin Cary Askew has been working on an article on 20 Cents Magazine .  A good friend to JBNBlog, Robin has generously agreed to have the piece find an online home here.

Here is a little background from Robin & then onto some amazing reading about London in the 1960s & beyond. Thanks, Robin . . . over to you . . .

But first .. here’s a note via Robin from Tony Penikett re: a theatre gig* for The Compact Six

Robin/ The 'unremembered little theatre' was the Poor Alex, a Mirvisch property. /tony Sent from TPNI iPhone

Here is Robin:  I have essentially left it as it was intended (as an article for Wikipedia) – even though I now know it can’t be – at least not in the same way or format.  So I have added a postscript, in which I say that and also go on to talk of why it will now be on your blog instead.  I hope you like this new addition!  But if you’d like me to make any changes there, I’d be happy to do so.

(No changes from me & away we go: JBNBlog):

Remembering 20 Cents Magazine 

—and its place and time (London, Ontario in the late sixties)—

20 Cents Magazine was a small, local publication, which reached far beyond its base in London, Ontario Canada – as well as its relatively tiny circulation (produced on stapled-together buff-colouredpaper as printed on a mimeograph machine) – by adding its spotlight onto the culturally vibrant art scene that defined London and its surrounding region at that time – the latter half of the 1960s. 1 Just a list of its contributing writers will sound like a Who’s Who of notable Canadian artists and writers. They include the likes of George Bowering , John Boyle (who illustrated two of the covers), Greg Curnoe (who also illustrated a cover), Jack Chambers James Reaney Michael Ondaatje Murray Favro Tony Urquhart ….

 

And The Canada Council , in its 1966-1967 Annual Report, wrote: “There are now other smaller creative ferments. For instance, we sense that in London (our London – the one that Brendan Behan once described as: “London, Ontario! There’s an impertinence for you!”) is becoming most pertinent to the future development of the arts. Its painters Greg Curnoe and Jack Chambers with friends and patrons have contributed to anambiance which can support the lively 20/20 Gallery, a well-focused showcase for contemporary artists, and which can produce the fresh “20 cents magazine” which naturally costs 25¢ in Canada and is free elsewhere. To them must be added their colleague James Reaney, perhaps the most original of our playwrights, who finds time to join them in a puppet theatre and to do original work in the theatre arts with children. There are other good things in London, and we take it simply as an example of the way new places begin to command attention.” 2

 

‘20 Cents’ began publication in the fall of 1966. Its founding editors were: Art Pratten, Hugh McIntyre, Robin Askew and Tony Penikett . Two of these – Pratten, who then worked in the graphics/advertising department of The London Free Press , and McIntyre, who was then film librarian at the main branch of the London Public Library , 3 had the idea of joining forces with Askew and Penikett – students at the University of Western Ontario , who had been co-editing a slim campus publication, which had started with its clarion call name of Attention! and ended with Homo Ludens, to unite city with campus in a new “open forum for all of the people in this area who are involved in creative activities.” Its preview issue, bearing the cover: ‘Special 20¢’ went on to state its intention to publish “monthly ten times between September and June.” 4  

 

This it succeeded in doing for the first year – including an additional ‘literary supplement’– and almost succeeded in doing for the following year, which saw six issues plus a ‘poetry supplement’. After which there was a brief hiatus until it re-emerged ‘Under New Management’ – as the April 1969 issue proclaimed on its cover. The new editors were brother and sister, Robert and Linda McKenzie. This second incarnation continued publication for another two years – until its final issue in September of 1970.   It was always called 20 Cents Magazine and always sold for “25¢ in Canada” – the joke of this to suggest that somewhere else you might get it for just 20¢. Although the first three issues actually promised on their covers that “Elsewhere (it would be) Free!” Another ‘joke’ (especially for type-setters), during its first administration, was the replacement of the second ‘A’ in MAGAZINE with an upside-down ‘V’.

 

However, unlike its venerable forerunner, the more literary magazine Alphabet, edited by the poet/playwright James (Jamie) Reaney, and which was printed on a real, old typesetting   printing press – called Alphabet Press,  5  20 Cents Magazine was actually produced on an A.B. Dick mimeograph machine. [It was Albert Blake Dick who had coined the word ‘mimeograph’.] 6 After the first year – and thanks to a generous $700 grant on recommendation from The Canada Council,  7 the magazine survived – being able to pay for aforesaid A.B.Dick machine and even adding an automatic collator. Stapling continued to be done by hand. And all of this was done ‘at home’ – at first in the top-floor apartment of Art Pratten and his wife Barbara at 433 Waterloo Street; and later in the downstairs apartment shared by Robin Askew and Ginette Bisaillon at 304 Oxford Street East.

 

Ginette Bisaillon was one who did valiant service for 20 Cents on her trusty manual typewriter – as well as contributing a photograph of hers from Expo 67 for a cover of the magazine. 8 At that time her ‘day job’ was working at the London Life Insurance Company , where one of her colleagues was the late London photographer, caricaturist and writer Don Vincent, who was a regular contributor to 20 Cents Magazine with both articles and a couple of his photographs – for a front and back cover each. 9 His caricature of Matthew Wherry as Santa Claus appeared as the ‘Wherry Christmas!’ cover in December 1969. 10 Don Vincent died in 1993. 11

 

Don’s wife, artist Bernice Vincent also contributed a number of articles to 20 Cents. 12 Some years later – shortly after the magazine had ceased publication – Bernice Vincent painted the charming wooden sign – an oval-shaped, pale blue planet with a frying pan over its one volcano – for the restaurant Auberge du Petit Prince, which both Ginette Bisaillon and Robin Askew opened at 460 King Street in June, 1972. They ran it together for over six years – during which time it also became a kind of ‘hang-out’ – especially after hours – for many of the former 20 Cents writers and readers. 13   

 

Of the other three original editors of 20 Cents Magazine, two of them – Art Pratten and Hugh McIntyre were then and later on both members of the Nihilist Spasm Band (formed in 1965) – each making their own particular ‘ noise ’ – Art on the ‘Pratt-a-various’ (his own hand-made electric violin ) and Hugh on the electric bass – which had superseded his original washtub bass (or ‘gut-bucket’). Three other members of the Nihilist Spasm Band – artists Greg Curnoe ( drums and kazoo ), Murray Favro (his own hand-made electric guitar and drums) and John Boyle (kazoo) were also regular contributors to 20 Cents Magazine (as mentioned above). 14 Other members of the NSB were Archie Leitch (slide clarinet ) and Bill Exley (vocals and theremin ). They were later joined by John Clement (electric guitar); Leitch had left the band. 15 Both Exley 16 and Clement 17 were occasional contributors to 20 Cents Magazine. 

 

In those early days the Nihilist Spasm Band used to play Monday nights at the downtown York Hotel on the corner of York & Clarence streets. And naturally this turned out to be one of the best places to ‘flog’ copies of 20 Cents Magazine. And even go after articles for the next issue. In an unspoken homage perhaps, a photograph of the hotel graced the cover of one of the magazine’s earliest issues. 18

 

Despite the tragic and sad deaths of both Curnoe (killed while riding his bicycle in 1992) and McIntyre (of heart failure in 2004), the Nihilist Spasm Band has continued to inflict its noise on its select fans – from London, Ontario to Japan and points in between. 19 It also once made a grand tour of certain European capital cities. 20 On this tour the band was accompanied by Pierre Théberge , who would later recall his experience: “But I reached a sort of pinnacle when I appeared as drummer in the notorious Nihilist Spasm Band, in Paris , no less.” Here he went on to write: “By 1966, Region was on its last legs, but 20 Cents Magazine was still going and I took out a subscription.” 21 He was, in fact, also listed as a contributor in later issues of the magazine. At that time (since 1966) Pierre Théberge was Assistant Curator of Canadian Art at the National Gallery of Canada . He was shortly after appointed its Curator of Contemporary Canadian Art.  22 And much later he would become the gallery’s Director (1998-2008). 23 In 2001 he was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada . 24

 

Pierre Théberge was the curator of The National Gallery of Canada’s “group exhibition of young artists from London, Ontario” under the title: ‘Heart of London.’ This exhibition toured many Canadian cities, beginning in London, Ontario at the London Public Library and Art Museum from September 19 to October 13, 1968. It was shown at the National Gallery from May 2-25, 1969. In his review of the show in Arts Canada, Gary Michael Dault wrote: “On September 19, there opened at the London Public Library and Art Gallery an exhibition entitled the Heart of London, assembled by Pierre Théberge of the National Gallery, and comprising work by Jack Chambers, Greg Curnoe, Tony Urquhart, John Boyle, Murray Favro, Bev Kelly, David Rabinowitch, Royden Rabinowitch, Ed Zelenak, Walt Redinger, and Ron Martin. …”

While it is doubtless true that they enjoy each other as personalities and sources of energy, and that they come together, some of them, to attend a Nihilist picnic or to hear (or play in) the Nihilist Spasm Band, or to read (or rite in) 20 Cents Magazine, their work, as it is presented in the Heart of London, is deeply personal and aesthetically individual. So much so, in fact, that I should think the show will do much towards ending that tiresome stuff one hears so frequently about the ‘neo-Dada London scene’ (see, for example, Terry Fenton inArtforum, Sept. 1968, 58). ….” 25

 

The fourth original editor, Tony Penikett, who while a student at Western, had also made his debut as both an actor and director – as well as playwright – most notably as the leader of a travelling theatre troupe known as The Compact Six, which toured such hot-spots in Southwestern Ontario as Grand Bend as well as at an unremembered little theatre in Toronto* during the summer of 1967.   A memorable group photograph of The Compact Six by Don Vincent was featured on the back cover of the May 1967 issue of 20 Cents Magazine. 26 It has also appeared twice in The London Free Press – firstly on March 28, 1967 and more recently on May 20, 2010. 27 Other members of The Compact Six included John Howitt (manager & producer), 28 Sheila White 29 and Dick Sutherland – all three occasional contributors to ‘20 Cents’ 30 – as well as Caroline Dolny 31 and Robin Askew. In his theatre column, which appeared in the September 1967 issue of 20 Cents Magazine, Don Hensley wrote a review of the July 4th performance at Grand Bend of Next Time I’ll Sing To You by James Saunders .  32 The other plays in the repertoire of The Compact Six were: The Knack by Ann JellicoeOne-Man Masque by James Reaney, and She, It and Me by Tony Penikett.

 

Later – after a stint as a film-maker – Penikett moved to the Yukon , where he entered politics and was elected to the Yukon Legislative Assembly in 1978 for the New Democratic Party (NDP). He was also president of the federal NDP from 1981 until 1985, when he led the Yukon New Democratic Party to victory in the 1985 election to be the territory’s ‘First Minister’ as leader of a minority government. In the 1989 election he won a majority and became the first ever to be called ‘ Premier ’ of the Yukon – which he remained until the NDP was defeated in the 1992 election . 33  

 

The two editors of 20 Cents Magazine during its second and final incarnation were Robert C. McKenzie as ‘editor and publisher’ and his sister Linda McKenzie as ‘managing editor’. They were then able to start producing both front and back covers by offset printing – which was a technological leap forward for ‘20 Cents’; but the bulk of the magazine was still turned out on its signature buff paper by the same mimeograph machine. As Robert McKenzie himself described this transition in his eulogy for Hugh McIntyre, who died in 2004:

“By 1968, the founders had tired of their virtually thankless labours, and it looked as though 20 Cents was about to fold. I offered to try to keep it going. The old management agreed, and Hugh, in his capacity as outgoing publisher, signed a document passing on the magazine’s title, and ownership of its only asset, a mimeograph machine, to me . . . . “

[After the magazine’s demise in late 1970 – it is believed that the old A.B. Dick machine passed into the hands of 20 Cents contributor – then local artist Robert Fones, 34 who no doubt had his own special plans for it.]

“… For the next two years my sister Linda and I continued publishing 20 Cents, monthly except July and August. Two of the magazine’s founders continued writing for the magazine: Greg Curnoe with his monthly “Radio Journal,” and Hugh with a curmudgeonly column which he chose to call “Uncle Hugh Sez.” One month when he felt extra curmudgeonly he changed the title to “Uncle Hugh Snarls.” By 1970, circumstances had changed in a variety of ways and 20 Cents Magazine had run its course. The last issue was published in the summer of that year, with a photo of Hugh on the cover, marching in a picket line along Queens Avenue. The cover story of that issue was about the strike by the employees of the London Public library, the first of its kind in Canada, and as far as we knew only the second library strike in North America. 35

 

During its four-year existence, 20 Cents Magazine had the good fortune to enlist the services of so many regular contributors – as well as occasional ones – who gave of their time and labours freely with no expectation of any financial reward. Which was just as well – as there could be none! Some of the writers established their own regular (or frequent) columns. Among these were Murray Favro’s Journal, Greg Curnoe’s ‘Radio Journal’, Ron Martin’s ‘Ronnie’s Page’, 36 and Peter Denny’s music columns – he in fact became the music editor. Denny has been described as “the swinging professor” – who, besides his expertise on the vibraphone and bass sax, was also a professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario – of which he is still professor emeritus. But in the local music scene he is best known for his time with “London’s greatest art rock band ever . . . Luddites.”   The other three members of ‘Luddites’ were/forever are: bill bissett , Murray Favro and Gerry Collins. 37

 

Murray Favro – besides his ‘musical’ expressions (with both Luddites and the Nihilist Spasm Band) – is best known as a sculptor and inventor. He is “an important figure among a significant generation of artists – Jack Chambers, Greg Curnoe and Ron Martin among them – who became active in that city in the early 1960s and drew national attention as the London Regionalist School of artists.”  38 In 2007 he won a Governor General’s Award in Visual and Media Arts.

 

“Ron Martin began his painting career amid the boisterous art scene of the 1960s in London, Ontario. He has become known for his systematic and conceptually driven abstractions that exploit the materiality of his medium.” 39 —Which would have been a lovely quotation to have been able to add to his name when a contributing editor of 20 Cents! He now lives in Toronto (since 1983) – by so having fulfilled his long-ago threat “to leave London” – as announced in 20 Cents Magazine, Volume Two, Number Six, which circulated in June of 1968. In 2012 he won a Governor General’s Award in Visual and Media Arts.

 

Greg Curnoe – probably the best known of all those ‘boisterous’ London artists – was not just a painter (and writer-in-painting) as well as magazine columnist and editor – but also the instigator of many of the most innovative and iconoclastic ideas and ventures/institutions in the ‘London and region’ of his time. Not least of which was his own magazine called Region – without which it is quite possible20 Cents might never have been imagined. Curnoe started Region Magazine in 1961. He can also be credited with the founding of Region Gallery (1962-1963) and co-founding of the following: NihilistParty of Canada (1963-), Nihilist Spasm Band (1965-), 20/20 Gallery (1966-1970), CARFAC (Canadian Artists’ Representation/Le Front des artistes canadiens) (1968-) … Forest City Gallery (1973-) …. From a short biography of him on The National Gallery of Canada website: “Greg Curnoe, known primarily as a painter, also experimented with sculpture, video, and photography. He was an ardent regionalist, and vocal artist activist. He encouraged artists to find their muse from within their own everyday experience. … Curnoe’s life was tragically cut short in 1992, when he was fatally hit by a truck while riding his bike with his cycling club.”  40

 

Other frequent contributors included: James (Jamie) Reaney (stories/letters), 41 John Boyle (art/music/anything -at-all-or-possibly-nothing), 42 Herb Ariss (art), 43 John Ferns (poetry), 44 Don Vincent (film/theatre), Don Hensley (theatre/ music), Robert Bell (theatre/ music), Ron Bowman (music), Alex Kelly (music/books), Dennis Tourbin (music/poems), 45 Chris Faulkner (two poetry supplements),Kee Dewdney (series: ‘Sketches & Studies’)  46 … and of course all of the editors themselves (or former editors) – of whom most unfailingly: Hugh McIntyre (‘Uncle Hugh Sez’/-Snarls’/-Saves’), who wrote about almost anything at all – but especially on films and music – particularly jazz and the blues. Besides continuing to work for the London Public Library, Hugh would later and for a short while host a radio programme: ‘A Spoonful of Blues’ – which aired on local London radio station CFPL-FM.

 

At the end of the last issue of Volume Two, which appeared in about February of 1968 – when there was no certainty there would yet be a third (or even fourth) – there was included a kind of round-up of personnel (a bevy of writers and readers of 20 Cents Magazine) with some of their latest news and imminent moves – or otherwise:

 

JACK CHAMBERS is going to Spain for a month or so, while FRASER BOA 47 makes a film about him. Another film-maker, KEEWATIN DEWDNEY leaves Ann Arbor and comes to London to teach at U.W.O. JERRY PETHICK, 48 originally from London, Ont., leaves England to work in Ann Arbor on lazers and holograms . JAMES REANEY goes all the way toVictoria, B.C. on a year’s sabbatical. GEOFFREY RANS 49 goes to Yale for the year. PETER ANGELES 50 to Santa Barbara, Calif . And JOHN DAVIS 51 goes away to England for a year too. CHRIS FAULKNER, 52 our poetry editor leaves us for Manchester , Eng. and ROBIN ASKEW becomes special correspondent in Montreal . KEITH TURNBULL, 53 who left a year ago to work as asst. director for the Manitoba Theatre Centre and who is at present assisting John Hirsch and Jean Gascon at Stratford , returns to Winnipeg in the fall. ARIF HASNAIN, 54 who also left a year ago to work in Winnipeg, has been accepted by the National Theatre School of Canada and leaves for Montreal in a few weeks. SHEILAH (sic) WHITE, now based in Toronto, is working on a film with our dramatic editor, TONY PENIKETT. HUGH McINTYRE is learning French in Montreal and is expected back soon. BARBARA PRATTEN is expecting another baby as is BERNICE VINCENT. And SHEILAH (sic) and GREG have already given us GAELEN (sic) CURNOE. GINETTE BISAILLON has been successfully fired from London Life (5½ months after having resigned, 3 months after receiving a $500 raise and 1½ months before leaving). She goes on a long trip to Europe and will be our Continental Correspondent. JOHN BOYLE quits teaching for a while to live off the Canada Council and paint full-time. And MURRAY FAVRO has taken two weeks off from Engels and is painting in his studio full-time. DAVE GORDON 55 starts teaching at H. B. Beal this fall and DAVID RABINOWITCH   56 is thinking of doing the same a little later. ROYDEN   57 is buying a new car and will be leaving for Detroit next week-end to visit Maximo – that’s his friend the gorilla at the zoo. But he’ll be back – I think. And finally, RON MARTIN has threatened to leave London. 58

 

*

 

 

Postscript

 

When I began writing this, it was initially intended to be as an article for Wikipedia. But as I went on I began to realize it was taking a very different form – and one that would not really conform to that online encyclopedia’s guidelines. In fact it seemed more like something that should be published in a magazine just like 20 Cents. Well 20 Cents Magazine itself may be no more (except as some collections of its by-gone issues held in a few libraries and private homes) – yet perhaps there is some form of media out there – but still in and of London, Ontario – that could be considered to have inherited its mantle?

 

And the times have truly changed of course. We’ve moved a long way from typing stencils for cranking out sheets of buff-coloured paper on a mimeograph machine to be collated and stapled by hand before each issue might find its way into the hands of its reader. Now the still necessary typing is done on a machine that can itself transmit the finished product instantly to any ‘far-flung corner of the world’ as easily as to one’s neighbour in their back yard right next door. And – depending upon the chosen media – it can then reside ‘there’ – that mysterious intangible place from which it may be retrieved at any given moment to appear instantly on the now ever-present screen of one’s choice.

 

When 20 Cents Magazine was publishing its news and reviews and making its commentary on the local but expanding cultural scene of London, Ontario in the late sixties, my only personal ‘screen’ was still that of a black and white television set. I could have had colour of course. But that would have cost a lot more back then. Now almost everyone – it seems carries their even more personal screens around with them in a purse or pocket. And nobody has ever had to consider choosing an only ‘black and white’ computer/tablet/phone screen. And the very idea of leafing through pages of buff-coloured paper would seem as antique (almost) as poring over ancient scripts on parchment scrolls – now held in climate controlled archival vaults. Yet even those can and some do now acquire a new lease on life – as it were – in a digitally scanned form that can be put on these very modern (continually updated) screens – just like the one you are reading this upon.

 

So where might one hope to find a successor to 20 Cents Magazine today? Or at the very least an outlet for the kind of material a 20 Cents of today would be interested in publishing? Well almost certainly there is no single answer to that. Which in itself is an encouraging thought. On the other hand it is also true that the very nature and style of 20 Cents Magazine was of its time. Such that a number of years after it had ceased publication, its last editor would reflect on this to say it had “run its course.” And yet all of the things that 20 Cents had both proposed to do and – to a considerable extent – done were still left to do. Culture had not died in London, Ontario. Indeed as far as I can tell – from a certain distance now – it has continued to flourish and grow. And by so doing – change. Culture is if nothing else the most obvious expression of changing thoughts and the invention of new ideas – including a whole set of new media by and through which to express it.

 

And while print media still exists – and which I fervently hope may also flourish for a good long time to come – the tendency now is for many newspapers and magazines to turn to publishing their content either also or exclusively online. And then there are the ‘blogs’ mostly personal ones or those which –while usually or mostly written by one person – are published under the banner of an established newspaper or magazine. Just like this one by James Reaney – the son of poet/playwright James (Jamie) Reaney, in his capacity as a columnist with The London Free Press. So of course it is but one person’s regular ‘column’. But if ever some media outlet today might be sought out for the way it ‘covers’ (informs and reviews) the local London and region ‘scene’ of its current cultural events – the ‘movers and shakers’ of today – as well as taking the time and space to recall those of its history, I would say that this ‘blog’ would come first and foremost.

 

—Robin Askew, a former editor (and co-founder) of 20 Cents Magazine, who has now – after several years working in video documentary production in South America (Colombia & Brazil) – returned to Canada and is currently living in Toronto and busily engaged in family history research.

 

[1]          See also: Christopher Régimbal, Institutions of Regionalism: Artist Collectivism in London, Ontario, 1960–1990.  This article includes references to 20 Cents Magazine as well as to many of the individuals and institutions mentioned in this article > http://arcpost.ca/articles/institutions-of-regionalism

 

[2]         The Canada Council 10th Annual Report (for 1966-1967), p.14 > http://www.canadacouncil.com/canadacouncil/archives/Annual%20Reports/1966-1967%20Annual%20Report.pdf (26/172)

 

[3]          At that time the main branch of the London Public Library (or Central Library) together with The London Public Art Gallery upstairs were located at 305 Queen Street, which building – The Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Building – had opened on October 4, 1940.  In 1980 the Art Gallery was split from the Library and moved to a new building at the forks of the river Thames, where it was first known as the London Regional Art Gallery.  The Central Library remained at 305 Queen Street until August 2002, when it moved to its present premises at 251 Dundas Street. > http://www.londonpubliclibrary.ca/node/229  “In 1989, the then London Regional Art Gallery amalgamated with the London Historical Museum and the historic Eldon House and Gardens creating what is known today as Museum London.” > http://www.museumlondon.ca/aboutus/ourhistory/  NOTE: Eldon House and Gardens have since (as of 2013) been severed from Museum London.

 

[4]          20 Cents Magazine – Preview issue ‘Special 20¢’ (August, 1966): “A NOTE ABOUT 20 CENTS. The Magazine 20 cents will be an open forum for all of the people in this area who are involved in creative activities. Part of the problem in the past has been lack of communication between various interested groups, especially between the city and the campus.  20 cents hopes to act as a central clearing house for information about creative activities.  We will offer serious critical reviews of plays, art, music, films, and books which would otherwise receive little or no notice. We also plan to publish social and political commentary and satire.  In fact, we will publish anything which we feel is good.  20 cents is the successor to and incorporates the staff of the magazine “Homo Ludens” which was published by two students at Western last year; but 20 cents is not restricted to the campus and is in no sense a university magazine.

 

            20 cents will be published monthly ten times between September and June.  Individual copies will sell at 25 cents.  There are two types of subscription available: common (10 issues for $2.50) and preferred (10 issues for $5.00).  From the subscribers point of view there is no difference between the two kinds (except the price).  From the publishers’ point of view, we much prefer the latter.  There is one other difference.  There will be an additional charge of 50 cents for mailing a common subscription.  We are operating on a very narrow margin and a few extra dollars will help launch the magazine on a sound footing.”

 

[5]          Alphabet: A semi-annual dedicated to the Iconography of the Imagination. Edited by James Reaney. Alphabet Press, Issues 1-19, 1960-1971. > http://www.jamesreaney.com/publications/

 

            Also see: James Reaney, Poet, Playwright, and Artist – ‘Happy 50th, Alphabet!’ – Posted September 18th, 2010 > http://www.jamesreaney.com/2010/09/happy-50th-alphabet/

 

[6]         “The word “mimeograph” was first used by Albert Blake Dick, when he licensed Edison’s patents in 1887.” > http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mimeograph

 

[7]         The Canada Council 11th Annual Report (for 1967-1968), p. 46 > http://www.canadacouncil.com/canadacouncil/archives/Annual%20Reports/1967-1968%20Annual%20Report.pdf  (48/174)

 

[8]         20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 9, May 1967– cover photograph by Ginette Bisaillon from Expo 67,Montreal.

 

[9]         20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 5, Jan. 1967– front cover photograph by Don Vincent; 20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 9, May 1967– back cover photograph by Don Vincent of ‘The Compact Six’ theatrical troupe. (see notes #26 & #27)

 

[10]         20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 10, December 1969 – cover caricature by Don Vincent in green ink, depicting the face of Matthew Wherry in a Santa Claus hat (with a red star for the tassel) – ‘Wherry Christmas!’

 

[11]         See: Don Vincent Photo Archive > http://mcintoshgallery.ca/collection/csc/index.html  Also see: ‘Photos worth a thousand words’ – James Reaney, The London Free Press, Sunday, August 3, 2008, which features four photographs by Don Vincent > http://virtual.lfpress.com/doc/londonfreepress/0803/2008080301/7.html#7

 

[12]          See: Bernice Vincent biography on Thielsen Gallery website  > http://www.thielsengallery.com/bios/Vincent,%20Bernice.htm  & also on her own web site > http://bernicevincent.ca/gallery/

 

[13]         See: ‘Auberge party stirs memories of dishwashing duties’ – Herman Goodden (Special to QMI Agency), The London Free Press, Friday, December 31, 2010: “…The leftovers were fabulous. Because all the dishes were made fresh every day, staff could take home buckets of great food to store in their freezers. Most nights after the second sitting, we were invited to load up a plate with a bit of this and some of that and take it through to the dining room where artist friends of Ginette and Robin would frequently drop by, eating and chatting into the wee hours. I got to meet virtually all of the members of the Nihilist Spasm Band in this way and fondly remember their front man (I am loath to call him a lead singer) Bill Exley reciting large swaths of Wordsworth in his stentorian voice. …” > http://www.lfpress.com/comment/columnists/herman_goodden/2010/12/31/16718111.html

 

[14]          See: ‘Photos worth a thousand words’ – James Reaney, The London Free Press, Sunday, August 3, 2008, which features a photograph by Don Vincent taken in May 1966 of the six members of The Nihilist Spasm Band playing their early acoustic instruments on the roof of Greg Curnoe’s studio > http://virtual.lfpress.com/doc/londonfreepress/0803/2008080301/7.html#7

 

[15]         See: CHRW 94.9 FM – The London Music Archives 1984 – The Nihilist Spasm Band > http://chrwradio.com/lma/1984/The%20Nihilist%20Spasm%20Band%20-%207x~x=x/nihilist2.htm

 

[16]          Bill Exley is now retired from his job of many years teaching English in Elmira, Ontario.  He was Head of the English Department at Elmira District Secondary School (1962-1996).

 

[17]         John Clement later became a medical doctor and has his own practice inLondon,Ontario.

 

[18]          20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 1. No. 2, October 1966 – cover photograph (unaccredited but actually taken by Ian MacEachern) of the York Hotel,north west corner of York and Clarence streets,London,Ontario.

 

[19]          See (quoted from): The London Free Press – Arts and Entertainment – Tops in Tokyo – The Nihilist Spasm Band, which hangs on the fringes of London’s musical culture, is a bona fide hit in Japan. By Ian Gillespie, Free Press Arts & Entertainment Reporter > http://www3.sympatico.ca/pratten/NSB/london_free_press2.html

 

[20]          See: NSB (Nihilist Spasm Band web site) > http://www3.sympatico.ca/pratten/NSB/

 

[21]         Pierre Théberge: ‘London Recaptured’ – which originally appeared in Canadian Literature #152-153, Spring/Summer 1997 (pp. 160-166), p. 163 > http://www.canlit.ca/site/getPDF/article/11913  (5/8) 

 

[22]          ‘Pierre Théberge: A Career in the Service of Art, Artists and the Public’ by Constance Naubert-Riser (Translation by Oliver Haeffely) – which appeared in Vie des Arts,  Volume 52, numéro 214, supplement, printemps 2009, p. 8-9 > http://www.erudit.org/culture/va1081917/va1503694/61902ac.pdf

 

[23]          National Gallery of Canada website – Our History / About the People > http://www.gallery.ca/en/about/people.php#pierre_theberge

 

[24]          National Gallery of Canada website – Press Releases / Archives / 2001 > http://www.gallery.ca/en/about/573.php

 

[25]         Review of ‘The Heart of London’ by Gary Michael Dault – originally published in Arts Canada, Oct ./Nov. 1968 – and now also available to be read on The Centre for Contemporary Canadian Art (CCCA) website > http://ccca.concordia.ca/resources/searches/event_detail.html?languagePref=en&vk=7244

 

[26]          20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 9, May 1967– back cover photograph by Don Vincent of ‘The Compact Six’ theatrical troupe. (see next note.)

 

[27]         See: ‘Photo epitomizes summer of love’ – James Reaney, The London Free Press, Thursday, May 20, 2010 > http://www.lfpress.com/2010/05/19/photo-epitomizes-summer-of-love

 

[28]         See: John Howitt – his biography including another photograph by Don Vincent of The Compact Six > http://johnhowitt.ca/aboutme_1.htm

 

[29]          Sheila White went on to have a small part in the 1970 Canadian film Goin’ Down the Road by Don Shebib, in which she makes a fleeting but memorable appearance as the ‘Girl in Record Shop’ > http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0065788/fullcredits?ref_=tt_ov_st_sm#cast.  She died in 1973.

 

[30]          For further brief references to both Sheila White and Dick Sutherland as well as to 20 Cents Magazine see: ‘Who will revive the play that kicked off alt-theatre here?’ – James Reaney, The London Free Press, Thursday, July 28, 2011 > http://www.lfpress.com/entertainment/columnists/james_reaney/2011/07/27/18477831.html

 

[31]         Caroline Dolny  – now Caroline Dolny Guerin – has continued to work in theatre – mostly at the Grand  Theatre in London, Ontario.  See: http://thehourglass.ca/about-us.html

 

[32]          20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 1, September 1967 – ‘The Compact Six: Les Enfants du Paradis’ by Don Hensley.

 

[33]         Tony Penikett on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

[34]         See: National Gallery of Canada> Collections > Artists A to Z > ‘Robert Fones’ > http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artist.php?iartistid=1805.  Also see his own web site > http://www.robertfones.com/.  In 2011 Robert Fones won a Governor General’s Award in Visual and Media Arts.

 

[35]         ‘Hugh John McIntyre 1936-2004 – Some Personal Recollections’ by Robert C. McKenzie.  Text of McKenzie’s eulogy for Hugh McIntyre at his Memorial service held at the A. Millard George Funeral Home, London, Ontario on December 13, 2004 > http://www3.sympatico.ca/pratten/NSB/hugh_memorial.html

 

[36]         See: ‘Ron Martin’ on Concordia/Artists web page >  http://ccca.concordia.ca/artists/artist_info.html?languagePref=en&link_id=225&artist=Ron+Martin  & also: ‘Ronald Albert Martin’ (Ron Martin) biography on The Canadian Encyclopedia website > http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/ronald-albert-martin

 

[37]         See:  ‘luddites (not The Luddites) were 2008′s No. 1 in London’ by James Reaney – (James’ Brand New Blog), The London Free Press, Nov. 4, 2010:  “…The vibraphone player Peter Denny spans the London music decades from the York as a jazzer in the 1960s to the minimalism of modern times. …” > http://blogs.canoe.ca/brandnewblog/general/luddites-not-the-luddites-were-2008s-no-1-in-london/

 

[38]         ‘Murray Favro’ biography on the ‘Canada Council for the Arts’ website > http://www.canadacouncil.ca/prizes/ggavma/2007/ww128182723812512320.htm .  See also: The Canadian Encyclopedia website > http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/murray-favro

 

[39]         National Gallery of Canada @ Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art (NGC@MOCCA) website – ‘The Shape of Things’ exhibition: Claude Tousignant/Elizabeth McIntosh/Josef Albers /Ron Martin/Luanne Martineau/Richard Tuttle – ‘Ron Martin’ > http://www.mocca.ca/ngc/artists/ron-martin/

 

[40]         National Gallery of Canada> Collections > Artists A to Z > ‘Greg Curnoe’ > http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artist.php?iartistid=1236.  Also see: Wikipedia: Greg Curnoe; & London Regionalism.  As well as: ‘Evidence of Activism in the Greg Curnoe Archives’ by Janice Gurney – York University Library > https://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/topia/article/viewFile/22886/28297

 

[41]         See: ‘James Reaney’ biography on Concordia/Authors web page > http://ccca.concordia.ca/history/ozz/english/authors/reaney_james.html. Also see ‘James Reaney’ website > http://www.jamesreaney.com/

 

[42]         See: National Gallery of Canada> Collections > Artists A to Z > ‘John Boyle’ > http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artist.php?iartistid=663

 

[43]         ‘Ariss inspired budding artists’ – The London Free Press, Obituary by Daniela Simunac, March 16, 2009 > http://pbdba.lfpress.com/perl-bin/publish.cgi?x=articles&p=260220&s=remembered.  See also: bealart: ‘Herb Ariss Opening’ Friday, September 14 – Exhibition & Sale: September 11-29, 2012  (with brief biography) > http://bealart.com/herb-ariss-opening/

 

[44]         ‘John Ferns’ biography on myHamilton.ca > http://www.hpl.ca/people/ferns-john

 

[45]         See: National Gallery of Canada> Collections > Artists A to Z > ‘Dennis Tourbin’ > http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artist.php?iartistid=5489  Also see: Niagara Artists Centre – Dennis Tourbin – The Language of Visual Poetry: A city-wide celebration of the St. Catharines-born artist’s life and work. Presented by Rodman Hall Art Centre in collaboration with Niagara Artists Centre & CRAM International (29 September – 30 December 2012) > http://www.nac.org/programs/show-room-gallery/show-room-schedule/321-dennis-tourbin-the-language-of-visual-poetry.html

 

[46]         Kee Dewdney contributed a number of articles to 20 Cents Magazine – particularly in his series of ‘Sketches & Studies’ – none of which are listed on his website amongst his published writings – A.K. Dewdney: “…Alexander Keewatin (A.K.) Dewdney, a professor of computer science at the University of Western Ontario, a mathematician, environmental scientist, and author of books on diverse subjects.” > http://www.csd.uwo.ca/faculty/akd/akd.html / author of books and articles > http://www.csd.uwo.ca/faculty/akd/PERSONAL/books_and_articles.html .

 

[47]         Fraser Boa – after being well-known in London as a director with the London Little Theatre (LLT) – is now described as a “Jungian analyst” on the Wikipedia page for his sister Marion Woodman  - also a Jungian analyst as well as author.  See: The Canadian Encyclopedia on ‘Marion Woodman’ > http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/macleans/marion-woodman-profileMarion Woodman is married to Ross Woodman, a contributor to 20 Cents Magazine – and now professor emeritus of English literature at U.W.O.

 

[48]         See: ‘Jerry Pethick: Visionary Giant’ by Canadian Art – posted September 25, 2008 > http://www.canadianart.ca/see-it/2008/09/25/jerry-pethick/  Also – sadly: his obituary by Rebecca Deem: ‘Jerry Pethick (1935-2003) Artist, holographer, and inventor of the sand table as a way to make holograms.’ > http://holographer.org/media/articles/hg00010.pdf

 

[49]         Geoffrey Rans was a professor of English literature at U.W.O., who also wrote a few articles for 20 Cents.  At around that time he was also chairman of the 20/20 Gallery committee.  He and his wife Goldie (who also wrote for 20 Cents.) were strong supporters of the arts – and particularly of the new wave of London artists – although Geoffrey did not exactly go along with some of their ‘Regionalism’ ideas and aspirations.  See his article in 20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 5, January 1970: ‘A Word (sotto voce) About The Region: inside my picket fence inLondon,Ontario.’ After retiring from ‘Western’ University, Geoff and Goldie moved toToronto, where they have since died – Goldie in 1993 and Geoffrey in 2001.

 

[50]         Peter Angeles, who contributed articles to 20 Cents Magazine, was then a professor of Philosophy at U.W.O.  He had also taught philosophy at Albert Schweitzer College in Churwalden, Switzerland.  After ‘Western’ he joined the Philosophy Department in the Santa Barbara City College – of which he became the chair from 1970 to his retirement in 1990 – although he shortly returned as emeritus professor until 2000. He died in Santa Barbara in 2004. See: Obituary by Patricia Bonilla in ‘The Channels’ – Santa Barbara City College > http://www.thechannels.org/uncategorized/2004/03/09/cancer-claims-teacher-as-victim/  & also see: ‘About the Author’ on Amazon.ca’s webpage, where it is selling the HarperCollins Dictionary of Philosophy (1981) by Peter A. Angeles > http://www.amazon.ca/Harpercollins-Dictionary-Philosophy-Angeles/dp/0064610268/ref=.  Angeles is also the author (or editor) of the following: The possible dream toward understanding the black experience (1971), The Problem of God: A short introduction (1974), Dictionary of Christian Theology (1985), Critiques of God: Making the Case Against Belief in God, ed. (1997). > http://www.amazon.com/Peter-Adam-Angeles/e/B001HOYFV8

 

[51]         John Davis was another professor of philosophy at UWO –and author of many scholarly articles – as well as “editor or co-editor of several volumes of philosophical studies.  In 1975, Jack founded Hume Studies, and served as the Editor of this important scholarly journal for 15 years. …” He died in 1998, aged 77.  > https://notendur.hi.is/mike/27-2.html   While John Davis did not contribute any articles to 20 Cents Magazine, his wife Rae did.  Rae Davis was: “An innovator in the London art scene during the 1960s, 70s and 80s, Davis drew on her background in avant-garde theatre production to develop performance art as a means of exploring the experience of time, space and energy from a multiplicity of perspectives. …” From the Museum London website / collections > http://www.museumlondon.ca/collections/  John and Rae Davis later moved to Toronto, where they have both since died – John in 1998 and Rae in 2006.  Also see an obituary for Rae Davis by her friend, Barbara Sternberg > http://www.ogs.on.ca/ogspi/2006/06ste009.htm

 

[52]         Chris Faulkner …recites some of his poetry with other “Pop In Artists” on YouTube > http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLF909ED46BBA88520&feature=view_all

 

[53]         See: ‘Playwrights Canada Press’: “Keith Turnbull is a director, dramaturge, and producer committed to contemporary and new work in theatre and opera. …” > http://www.playwrightscanada.com/index.php/keith-turnbull.html

 

[54]          Arif Hasnain was most recently – before his death in April, 2011 – a professor of theatre at Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland.  See his obituary in The Western Star, Corner Brook  > http://www.thewesternstar.com/Arts/2011-04-14/article-2427078/Acting-teacher-loses-battle-with-cancer/1

 

[55]         See: ‘Dave Gordon’ biography from CRAM International website > http://www.craminternational.ca/dave-gordon.html  

 

[56]         Also see brief biographies of David Rabinowitch on both The National Gallery of Canada website > http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artist.php?iartistid=4514  & The Canadian Encyclopedia website > http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/david-rabinowitch  

 

[57]         Also see the biography of Royden Rabinowitch on The Canadian Encyclopedia website > http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/royden-rabinowitch 

[58]           20 Cents Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 6 (Feb.? 1968) – end page.

 

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